As part of the initial project on cluster research, the BCNED group aimed to develop a research support infrastructure which
can address some of the theoretical questions and to stimulate future cluster analysis and cluster development. An exclusive
databank with publications and research papers was developed.
ABOUT THE DATABANK:
The databank comprises of selected articles from over 130 academic journals and a number of research papers available online from key research centres that specialise in research on clusters, industrial organisation and regional economic development. Overall the databank consists of over 2,000 publications, organised in a conceptual map. The main categories that represent the development of the field are: cluster theory, cluster methodology, cluster and industry policies, national innovation systems and policies, industrial clusters, regional geographic clusters, global clusters, and clusters of small and medium size firms (SME clusters) (Fig. 1).
Fig 1. Domains of cluster research
As cluster development is very much policy driven, a large number of publications reflect various policy agendas, such as: cluster and industry policies, the development of science parks and centres of excellence,
university research and university-industry collaboration, research and development and technology
partnerships, technology management and knowledge management across firms, and the process of
learning and knowledge acquisition – in firms and in clusters. In addition, a number of empirical research
reports and evidence from a range of industry-specific clusters were assembled.
Among the most researched clusters are: the biotechnology
and bio-science, pharmaceuticals,
automotive, electronics, software and the
information technologies, the
telecommunications, food and agro-business, and
the media and broadcasting clusters.
The work that contributes directly to cluster theory spreads across a wide set of issues, including: agglomeration, location and proximity; cluster and sector dynamics; industry analysis and organisation; competition and cluster competitiveness; economic growth; regional and urban development; co-evolution of firms in clusters; spillover effect in clusters; inter-firm coordination and synergies from inter-firm relations; absorptive capacity of firms; competences and capabilities shared within clusters; cluster boundaries; strategic groups; and inter-organisational relations such as alliances, partnerships and networks – as conceptualised by the organisation theory of the firm (Fig 2.).
Fig. 2. Cluster theory domain
Substantial work has been accumulated on
investigation of the Triple Helix Relationships and
their impact on innovation and economic growth.
Triple Helix relationships are formed between the
Government, the Industry and the University
sector, where the grassroots of innovation lie. This
field covers comparative research on National Innovation Systems; Governance and Intermediation of
research and development projects; Business Support, Research Support and University-Industry
interactions; Managing the University sector and the implementation of new models for R&D partnerships
and alliances. The field is broadly described in Fig. 3.
Additional support to cluster research comes also from statistical data related to clusters and regional
economic development. These were collected from various data sources: UK Statistics Office, OECD, Interdepartmental
Business Register (IDBR), National Online Manpower Information System (NOMIS) and various
trade information sources. These sources contain valuable secondary data to assist research on cluster
depth and dynamics. All these resources are available for a wider research investigation that aims to look at
the nature of clusters, the drivers behind agglomeration economies, and the impact of clusters on local
Fig 3: 'Triple Helix' theory domain
To obtain further information, please contact E.Todeva@Bcned.co.uk